How do Steroid Work and How it may Take Effect on the Body

Steroids are drugs that mimic certain actions of hormones. These drugs can significantly enhance an athlete’s abilities, whether by improving endurance or muscle size they will give the person taking them a competitive edge. They do however come with side effects and these need to be taken into consideration before making the decision to use steroids.

What Advantage Do Steroids Provide?​

The most obvious advantage provided is enhanced performance by allowing the user to train harder for longer periods of time, thereby leading to more effective workouts. Other advantages steroid users experience include:

– Increased resistance to fatigue allows athletes to work out for longer periods of time without tiring as quickly

– Increased development of lean muscle tissue which leads directly to increased speed and power along with increased strength

– Increased production of red blood cells which means more oxygen is available for the muscles

– Increased rate of recovery after strenuous workouts which allows for more training sessions in less time

How Do Steroids Work?

Steroids are synthetic substances that mimic the actions of testosterone, an important male sex hormone that plays a key role in the development and maintenance of masculine characteristics. Testosterone also has many effects on other parts of the body including the bones, muscles, liver, fat tissues and central nervous system. The action performed by steroids is similar to that performed by testosterone; steroids bind to specific sites found within muscle tissue called androgen receptors causing changes at these sites eventually leading to enhanced performance. These steroid/androgen receptors interact with specific DNA sequences to increase protein production which eventually leads to increased endurance, speed and strength.

How Do Users Give Themselves Advantage?

When used over a period of time the muscles become acclimatized to steroid use, this means that users have to increase their dosage in order for it to be effective. The side effects however are very real and can be dangerous if left unchecked. All steroids come with side effects some more troublesome than others depending on how strong or how weak they are as well as what function they perform within the body. Steroids do not actually lead to an increase in muscle mass; muscles grow through repair after the stress has been placed on them at the gym by lifting weights. The muscles will then recover and rebuild themselves stronger making the muscle bigger in the process. There are several side effects that come with steroid use including:

– severe acne

– testicular atrophy

– liver problems

– heart problems such as an increase in LDL (bad) cholesterol and a decrease in HDL (good) cholesterol, high blood pressure, and potential risk of stroke or heart attack

There is also a psychological dependence that can occur when using steroids. Users will feel they need to take them to maintain their strength and performance levels which put their health at risk for both short term and long term effects

The disadvantage of steroid use.

Steroids make users more prone to injuries by weakening tendons and ligaments. Steroids may also increase blood pressure, damage the kidneys, worsen acne and decrease fertility in men.**

  • Advantages of steroid use: Enhance performance.
  • Advantages of steroid use: Increased training sessions with the same muscle group in a given amount of time because of enhanced recovery time after strenuous workouts.
  • Advantages of steroid use: Increase strength & power output.
  • Advantages of steroid use: Increase endurance levels.
  • Advantages of steroid use: Improve ability to recover between sets.

Advantages of steroid use:

  1. Improve lean muscle growth
  2. increased metabolic rate resulting in faster weight loss
  3. Collagen Synthesis (Tendons & Ligaments)
  4. Bone Mineral Density (Hip, Spine & Wrist)
  5. Bone Growth & Strength
  6. Maintenance of Energy Levels
  7. ATP Production.

Disadvantage steroid use:

  • Acne; Elevated Blood Pressure
  • Cholesterol changes (decreasing HDL levels and increasing LDL levels)
  • Testicle Atrophy; Liver Problems / Damage (including liver tumors)
  • Irregular Heartbeat (Palpitations)
  • Fast or Irregular Heartbeat (Tachycardia)
  • Swelling of Feet or Lower Legs due to water retention in lower extremities Unwanted Hair Growth on Face
  • Back, Chest or Shaft of Penis Enlarged Prostate Gland
  • Testicular Pain & Discoloration Decreased Libido Erectile Dysfunction

Disclaimer: This article is for purely educational purposes. All content provided in this article is solely an opinion of the writer and not to be held against anyone else.

Christian Thibado explains how to tell a clean athlete from a chemist. Even if you are not interested in “professional” bodybuilding or powerlifting, keep in mind that illegal drugs are used by many stars of the fitness gloss / instagram, and are also common in Crossfit. If you notice doping side effects in one of your idols, then think about whether the training or dietary advice of fake straight is right for you?

A couple of warnings

Before starting the exposure session, I want to make an important caveat.

First, there are real genetic monsters on our planet. A person can be extremely strong and muscular, even though they haven’t really used steroids. But most ordinary people and even jocks will call him a “chemist”. By the way, even I don’t really like it when they call me a “chemist” (and Christian himself honestly said that he used steroids to prepare for two bodybuilding competitions – Zozhnik’s note). You should remember that the program / diet of a super-talented athlete is still not suitable for mere mortals.

Secondly, these signs are only hints. Evidence, but not evidence. I will tell you which of them are more compelling and which are not so.

Now let’s get started.

“Learn from the natural, guys!”

The first alarming signal is when someone always and everywhere chokes about what a “natural natural” he is. Even if nobody asks. If you are really clean and you were asked about this, then why not answer? But some for some reason themselves strive to constantly open up to everyone. Of course, it doesn’t feel like a full-fledged piece of evidence, but it makes you think. Especially when such a character starts selling training programs after going to the gym for only a couple of years (or months).

Rapid hypertrophy

The first sure sign is a very fast set of lean muscle mass without increasing body fat.

Muscle building speed is limited by natural physiology. Of course, there are exceptions: about 86% of people gain muscle mass at a normal rate, 13.6% a little faster, 2.1% even faster, and 0.1% fantastically fast.

How many grams? 100-220 per week (+ a little fat). Those. you can build almost a kilo of muscle in a month. More than 10 kilograms per year!

Even the lucky group (13.6%) can sometimes gain about 1.3 kg of muscle mass per month, per year – as much as 13-14.

So if someone in a few months easily builds a dozen kilos of clean muscles, this is an extremely auspicious sign

Huge trapezoidal

Another version is that deltas are involved in almost all upper body exercises and receive much more stimulus for growth than any other group. But with straight people they simply do not have time to recover, and the “chemist” is helped by “chemistry”.

A thick neck, in my opinion, is the most obvious sign, since the deltas and trapeziums are often the most beloved muscles for rolling and are powerfully worked out almost in every workout, but few people shake the neck.

Too Much Muscle

Physiology limits not only the rate of hypertrophy but also sets the final limit of the potential for gaining muscle mass.

This, for example, was written by Dr. Casey Butt, who developed his prognostic formula based on the height and thickness of the individual’s bones (girth of the wrist and ankle). It is, in my experience, quite accurate, although it does not describe genetic upstarts. For example, according to this formula, for a person with a height of 1.68 with an average bone thickness, the limiting weight in the “dried” state (6% fat) is about 80 kg. But I had a classmate of just such parameters – and he did not even swing! I just played football and rugby.

You can Google any formula you like, but I usually start with the following values ​​(at 10% fat):

  • 1.57 – 76 kg
  • 1.63 – 80 kg
  • 1.68 – 83 kg
  • 1.73 – 93 kg
  • 1.78 – 97 kg
  • 1.83 – 101 kg
  • 1.88 – 105 kg
  • 1.93 – 111 kg
  • 1.98 – 117 kg

If you see someone wearing significantly more muscle, it could be due to steroid use. Or you are fortunate enough to meet a rare genetic exception.

Steroid hysteroid

The influence of “chemistry” on the psyche is not fiction at all. A number of steroids (especially the most androgenic ones) can increase aggression through several mechanisms:

  1. Increased adrenergic activity. Androgenic steroids increase the sensitivity of beta-adrenergic receptors, that is, the body’s response to adrenaline. At the muscle level, everything is good: you are stronger, “more explosive”, etc. And at the brain level, become more assertive and aggressive.
  2. Long-term use of anabolic steroids can lead to enlargement of the amygdala [2], which is the area of ​​the brain that is active in aggressive behavior.
  3. Also, chronic “courses” can increase the turnover of glutamate in the brain. This increased glutamatergic activity can increase aggression, firstly by increasing the intensity of experienced emotions (including aggressive ones) and causing critical mood swings, and, secondly, by simply being neurotoxic (poisonous) to the brain.
  4. Finally, hormonal imbalances that occur with steroid use can also contribute to increased aggressiveness.

But this is not the case with everyone. I know many guys in chemistry who remain calm and friendly.

This becomes a dangerous signal when you knew a person before, and he suddenly – along with a sharp increase in muscle – begins to lose his temper more often, get irritated over trifles and react more sharply to criticism. Yes, aggression is also vulnerability.

Permanent pump

“Pumping” after training is a natural phenomenon, and straight people enjoy it. Then the circulation is restored, the muscles return to their original size (well, a little more, if you’re lucky). But the “chemists” always look as if they just left the hall. The fact is that their muscles remain partially activated, this is also the effect of adrenaline. Since steroids increase the sensitivity of beta-adrenergic receptors in muscle tissue, adrenaline leaves it partially activated and at rest.

In addition, “chemistry” increases muscle glycogen and creatine stores; some steroids help water retention by increasing sodium and potassium levels. Partially, this effect can be achieved by straight people – with the help of a certain diet.

Rabid venous

In thin people, the veins are clearly visible, for example, on the forearms and sometimes on the calves. But if swollen veins protrude all over the body – especially on the chest, back, and deltas – this may indicate steroid use. They increase blood volume, especially by raising the levels of “dense” constituents (red blood cells and blood lipids).

Anadrol (oxymetholone), for example, was formulated to increase red blood cell production (treating anemia).

Thickening of blood, of course, puts more stress on the cardiovascular system, as well as the kidneys. The heart grows in size – a serious risk factor for CVD. This is one of the reasons many bodybuilders have blood tests done regularly.

A number of steroids (stanozolol, Masteron, Primobolan, Anavar, testosterone, etc.) can significantly increase blood lipid levels. This also makes the blood thicker and the veins larger.

Finally, high blood pressure can also increase the thickness of the veins. Steroids, which increase the sensitivity of beta-adrenergic receptors or retain water, also raise blood pressure.

Obvious side effects

These include, for example, gynecomastia (breast enlargement in men) and severe acne (especially on the back and chest). Although not all “chemists” are faced with this.

Of course, other factors may be the cause of these manifestations: acne from skin problems, and gynecomastia from too high estrogen levels.

Also, a number of steroids accelerate hair loss if you are genetically prone to it. But high levels of natural testosterone can also lead to this.


Having found one or two signs, do not rush to accuse the suspect of using illegal drugs. You have to understand that they are not equal.

Very serious evidence

1. Fast muscle gain
2. Excessive muscle mass

Serious evidence

3. External side effects
4. Disproportionate trapezium / deltas / neck (without special study)
5. Outrageous ravenousness throughout the body

Medium and weak

6. Constant pump
7. Aggressive behavior

The combination of any of the two strongest traits with any other indicates the use of “chemistry.” But if none of the first pair is observed, then the rest must be collected as much as possible.

One final caveat

The chemist may not have any of these symptoms if low doses of steroids are used.

Many straight-looking instar-stars use a little bit just to add muscle to promote their business.

Also, some athletes who do not exercise with iron use doping to improve performance and accelerate recovery. A cyclist, for example, can use testosterone and growth hormone and weigh no more than 60 kg.

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