Is it possible to enclose the beds with slate?
The popularity of roofing materials in the arrangement of various fences is not accidental. They are resistant to the damaging effects of natural conditions. The sheet material is easy to work with. The most accessible and popular material is slate. It is enough to cut it into pieces and the blank for the fence is ready. To figure out whether you can use slate for beds or not, you need to familiarize yourself with all its modifications:
- Asbestos-cement sheets contain 85% cement and 10% asbestos. It is the latter additive that is considered dangerous for the environment and human health. However, its percentage is minimal. Asbestos fibres are bonded to cement, further reducing the risk of the harmful substance. The composition of asbestos-cement sheets contains 10% of a harmful substance – asbestos
- Metal slate is completely safe. They produce material from steel or aluminium with a protective polymer coating. The garden fence is constantly in contact with the ground and moisture. Steel corrodes quickly. Aluminium sheets are stable in this regard, but the protective polymer layer is not damaged yet. If deep scratches appear on it, aluminium in dampness begins to decompose. Important! Aluminium slate has a high cost. It is very expensive to equip beds from it. Metal slate is not economically viable to use for fencing
- Online has a wavy shape of slate, but in composition, it is more suitable for roofing material. The material does not disappear in the ground, it is resistant to moisture. The disadvantage of online is its soft structure. Flexible sheets will deform underground pressure. High beds from such slate will not work. Online is not suitable for high fences due to the flexible structure
- The transparent slate is made of PVC. Plastic is resistant to moisture, does not collapse in the ground. Slate is strong enough, despite its flexibility. The sheets are ideal for beds, you just need to put props from stakes. PVC slate does not collapse in the ground, there are no harmful substances in the composition
Important! PVC slate is produced not only transparent but also in a wide range of colours
Despite the wide variety of slate, asbestos-cement sheets are most often in demand when fencing beds. This is explained by an affordable price, increased strength of the sheets.
Is slate for fencing beds harmful?
Considering asbestos-cement roofing material as the only best solution for arranging a garden bed, it should be noted that the new slate is completely safe. What makes it such a binder is cement. However, when it is destroyed, asbestos begins to poison the soil. Damaged slate in the beds is harmful to the health of pets, humans and the environment. The destruction of the binder occurs for two reasons:
- The formation of a chip, crack, pothole on the slate can occur during maintenance of the beds. In the damaged area, cement with asbestos turns into dust and crumbs, which are absorbed into the ground along with water.
- The service life of the asbestos-cement sheet is more than 20 years. However, in the earth, after 10 years, the binder of the roofing material loses its qualities. Temperature changes, contact with moisture, mechanical deformation destroy cement. Asbestos fibers begin to fall out, penetrate the soil along with water and poison it.
The new slate is harmless to the environment
In order for the asbestos-cement fencing not to harm the environment and human health, only new sheets without damage are used for the beds. It is best to paint them on both sides. The paint will act as a protective layer. After 10 years of operation of the beds, the slate fence is replaced with new material.
Slate is harmful to the garden, not only because of the presence of asbestos. In the sun, the high sides are very hot. The earth in the garden dries up. Plant roots close to the sides can get burned. The problem is solved by increasing the number of waterings, creating an artificial shadow.
Important! Decaying old slate poisons not only the soil of the garden. Asbestos fibers enter the upper layers of groundwater and are carried throughout the site.
Information about shipping methods
Delivery to the stores of the network “Kangaroo”
carries out free delivery to all stores of the Kangaroo network and to self-delivery points. With an order weight of less than 1.5 tons, delivery is carried out within a period of 2 to 14 days. With an order weight of more than 1.5 tons, the delivery time will be specified by the manager when confirming the order information.
Pickup from points of issue of goods throughout Russia
The online store “Kangaroo” offers its customers the opportunity to pick up an order from the point of issue of goods, such companies as:
Delivery is carried out throughout Russia (if there is a pick-up point in your city). When choosing this type of delivery, the order must be fully prepaid. Payment for delivery is made at the place of receipt.
The choice of slate for finishing the beds
Based on the results of the review of asbestos-cement material, it can be concluded that only new sheets are suitable for fencing. As for technical parameters, slate is produced in two types: with waves and flat.
Wave slate beds
In terms of strength, wave sheets win. They are best suited for high beds. Fences are placed so that the waves are located in a vertical direction perpendicular to the ground. If they are located horizontally, the sheet will quickly break from the pressure of the earth. It is the waves that form stiffeners, which in a vertical position provide maximum resistance to the acting load.
Waves of roofing sheets form stiffening ribs that withstand heavy loads
Wave material is produced in three types:
- Normal profile. The sheet size is 1.28 × 0.68 m. An optimally convenient option for equipping borders for beds made of slate of compact dimensions.
- Reinforced profile. The sheet size reaches 2.8 × 0.98 m. The thickness is increased to 8 mm. Sheets with a reinforced profile are best used for high beds.
- unified profile. Sheets in terms of characteristics are something in between the two previous materials. Slate is suitable for high and low fences.
Usually summer residents do not delve into the details of the size of the profile. Available slate is used for fencing.
Making beds from flat slate
Flat asbestos-cement sheets are produced with a thickness of 6-10 mm. The length varies from 2 to 3.6 m, and the width – from 1.2 to 1.5 m. The composition is similar. The only difference is the form. Slate has no waves, due to this it is inferior in strength to wave sheets.
Due to the absence of waves, the strength of the sheet decreases
Flat roofing material is produced according to two technologies, which divides it into two types:
- Pressed. Sheet strength – 23 MPa, density – more than 1.8 g / cm2, impact strength – 2.5 kJ / m2, the maximum number of freezing and thawing cycles – 50.
- Unpressed. Sheet strength – 18 MPa, density -1.6 g / cm2, impact strength – 2 kJ / m2, the maximum number of freezing and thawing cycles – 25.
In all respects, the material made by the pressed method wins. However, the absence of stiffening ribs requires that when arranging a fence for beds made of flat slate, it is necessary to often place props from stakes. Long sides under the pressure of the soil can crack.
Flat slate bed strips
Strips for beds from flat slate ACL.
Gardeners and gardeners annually ask themselves the question of what is the best way to make strips for beds. So, today the most practical and economical material is flat slate strips, you can buy such strips in our online store at the best price. It is worth noting that with the proper arrangement of your backyard territory with the help of this material, you can protect your crop from pests, as well as accelerate the growth of plants.
The period of operation of this material reaches 50 years, which can be considered a huge advantage.
· Acceptable price.
· Pleasant appearance of the backyard territory.
Installation of strips does not require any knowledge and experience, that is, you can make a fence with your own hands. Does not need special care.
What you need to know about the use of the studied material in the beds?
Despite the fact that the use of flat slate in the garden is considered only on the positive side, there are some features here, without taking into account which the material can be dangerous.
So, let’s start with the fact that plants in flat slate beds grow faster and are protected from some pests. Also, weeds do not grow on such a backyard territory, which is very important for every gardener and summer resident.
However, with a frivolous approach to organizing your own garden, you can miss the point that if the material is used incorrectly, it can reduce the amount of nutrients in grown plants. So, let’s start with the fact that in case of overheating, slate increases the evaporation of moisture, for this reason it is recommended to water the garden more often. There is also an opinion that asbestos cement strips evaporate the negative elements that enter your body through the grown crop, but this problem is easily solved by coloring the sheet before installation.
It is also worth paying attention to the fact that by coloring it is possible to increase the period of operation of the material in conditions of severe frost and high levels of humidity. In this case, it is recommended to use liquid plastic or acrylic mixtures that dry quickly.
How to arrange a personal area?
1. The width of the aisles between the lanes should allow for trouble-free movement with the necessary tools in hand, this is at least 45 cm with a height of not more than 20 cm. In this matter, the height of the lanes should be taken into account. Remember that this distance should allow you to freely water the plants, handle them, cut them, and so on. Only in this way at the end of the season will you be able to harvest the best harvest.
2. The most popular height is 15-20 cm. However, it is equally important to enjoy the process of caring for planted plants, which means it is better to buy
strips of slate, the height of which will reach 30-40 cm, so you can process the beds while sitting on a chair.
3. The length of the beds depends on the backyard area, the relief throughout its territory and other factors. The most common are beds with a length of 4 to 8 meters. It is recommended to install the bed from south to north, so the sun’s rays will evenly fall on the garden.
How to make beds from slate
Work begins with the choice of location and marking. A platform is being prepared under the bed. It is important to take into account the peculiarity of the soil on the site, the terrain. It is important to consider what crops are supposed to be grown. The size and location of the beds also depend on this.
Tools and materials
For small fences made of materials, you need slate itself, metal or wooden fasteners. If the sides are long, stakes will have to be driven in around the perimeter. It is advisable to prepare the paint to protect the asbestos cement from rapid deterioration.
Of the tools for cutting sheets, a grinder is used. In its absence, you can use a hacksaw, but it will be difficult to cut. You also need a hammer, pliers, an electric drill, a shovel.
Height and dimensions of slate beds
The dimensions of the fence are usually determined individually, taking into account the needs and available free space on the site. However, there are set parameters that are recommended for compliance.
The size of the fence is determined individually, but there are recommended parameters
To fence the beds with slate, it is recommended to adhere to the following parameters:
- The width is not more than 1.5 m. With such parameters, it is convenient to serve plants on both sides of the garden. With a larger width, it is difficult to reach the culture growing in the centre.
- The side height for simple beds is up to 50 cm, high – up to 75 cm. In the second version, up to 40 cm, the slate is deepened into the ground.
- Length is the only parameter that does not require a limit. It all depends on the free space on the site and personal needs. However, it is undesirable to get involved. Too long sides sag underground pressure.
Dimensions are still calculated taking into account the crops grown. If the plants do not coexist poorly, it is optimal to build several short beds than one long fence.
Cutting slate for beds
One of the most difficult tasks is cutting slate, but not because it is difficult to cut it into fragments. Modern tools allow you to do this quickly and easily. One of them is Bulgarian. The difficulty lies in the formation of a large amount of dust. It contains poisonous asbestos. Scattering through the air, the site is polluted. The person himself suffers even more. To prevent dust from entering the respiratory tract, eyes, cutting is carried out in a respirator, glasses or a special mask.
Before cutting, markup is applied to the sheet. Flat slate is cut in any direction. There is absolutely no difference on which side to make an incision due to the lack of stiffeners.
Flat sheet can be cut from any side
With wave slate, the situation is different. For fencing, fragments are buried with a vertical arrangement of stiffeners. For this reason, cutting is carried out only across the waves, which makes it possible to obtain a workpiece for the board of the desired height.
Wave sheets cut across the waves
Important! When cutting with a grinder, a diamond-coated disc is used.
Cutting is carried out on a flat piece of land. With respect to the cutting disc, they become so that the dust falls on the worker the least. The cut site is moistened with water. This reduces dust formation, increases the resource of the diamond disk.
Boards are placed under the sheet near the cutting site, otherwise, the disk will grab the ground. It is important to remember the fragility of asbestos cement. To prevent the slate from cracking, it is advisable to have an assistant who will support the fragment being sawn off.
In the absence of a grinder, a jigsaw or a hand saw with fine teeth is used for cutting. However, this procedure takes a lot of time and effort. Of the old-fashioned methods, the use of a sharply sharpened steel cutter is considered the best. According to the markup, a rail is laid on the slate. The cutter is trying to cut the groove deeper. Having placed a beam under the cut line, they try to break the sheet by pressing on its edges. With this method of cutting, strips with a width of 10 cm can be obtained.
The most unreliable old-fashioned method is based on the use of a nail and a hammer. According to the markup, holes are punched in frequent steps. When they pass over the entire sheet, they try to break it. The cut is uneven, sometimes cracks appear.
Slate beds: features
In order for the beds to be strong and able to last for a long time, it is very important to choose the right material for their creation. In our case, we will talk about special slate strips designed for beds. The advantages of such boards lie in the properties of asbestos cement. It is with the help of this material that the design of beds and flower beds is made. The main advantage is the low cost of the material. Also for this reason, many summer residents choose this particular material for equipping their beds.
Slate strips can have different sizes – from 16 to 40 mm thick, up to 3 m long. Sheet slate can be used in roofing construction, in the construction of a fence structure, ceilings and other structures. Wavy and flat slate can also have different dimensional characteristics, structure and color. The weight depends on the dimensions and thickness of the slate sheet.
The advantages of slate beds are as follows:
- Due to the light weight of the strips, beds can be quickly and easily built.
- Due to the fact that the composition contains asbestos, the beds have a high fire resistance.
- Provides good resistance to temperature fluctuations and weather conditions.
- Such structures are not afraid of putrefactive processes.
- It can be used for 9-10 seasons, unlike wood, which is only enough for 3-4 seasons.
- The strips can be easily processed.
- They have aesthetic appeal.
The downside is the fragility of the material, which will not allow it to withstand a large load.
Do-it-yourself high slate beds
There are several options for arranging a place for planting crops. One of them is the construction of a high bed. This technology differs from the usual version in several advantages:
- You can place a garden bed anywhere on your site, even in a swampy one.
- To fill the box, a larger amount of fertile land is used, which has a good effect on the development of plants and an increase in productivity.
- The increased height allows you to create a full drainage.
- A tall box looks prettier on the site. It can be given an interesting shape. Plants are easier to care for because you have to bend over less.
- Due to the increased height, the soil in the box warms up faster. In spring, crops can be planted earlier for early harvests.
By design, the high bed differs from the usual model in height.
The usual and high bed are identical in design. Even for filling, the same compositions are used. The difference is only in the height of the sides. If in the first version they are low and resemble a curb, then in the second case, the height of the fences reaches 50 cm.
With an increased height of the walls, their additional strengthening will be required, which is achieved in two ways:
- Slate fragments are fixed on a wooden or metal frame.
- The box is tied with wire. Retaining stakes are driven in around the perimeter.
After installation, the box is first filled with a drainage layer of sand. Fertile soil is poured on top.
High beds from flat slate
Manufacturing begins with marking the site with pegs and a rope. A trench 25 cm deep is dug along the marked lines. A sheet of flat slate is cut into strips of the desired size. Each element, to make a box, is connected with bolts. Additionally, metal corners, overhead plates are used. Holes are drilled in the slate for hardware. It is optimal to use washers for lining to prevent cracking during tightening of nuts. The finished box is installed in a prepared trench, leveled, sprinkled with soil.
More details on the video of the beds from flat slate with your own hands:
Do-it-yourself high beds from wavy slate
The advantage of corrugated sheets is increased strength. However, because of the waves, it is inconvenient to bolt the fragments to metal corners.
Boards made of corrugated slate are simply dug in to a depth of 25 cm
To make a high bed of slate, the cut strips are simply dug in along the markings to a depth of 25 cm. From the outside, the box is pulled together with wire, and retaining stakes are driven in. The sides will not fold inside, as they will be torn apart due to bulk soil. If there are still concerns, spacers are placed from wooden slats.
How to make beds from slate with your own hands
To properly make a bed of slate strips, you need to follow some recommendations:
- First you need to make the walls of the slate beds from pre-prepared strips. Install and strengthen them.
- Fill the walls with fertile contents.
- Engage in the arrangement of aisles.
The beds with flat slate sides have their own optimal size. The side walls require installation in the ground to a depth of 40 cm. The walls should have a height of up to 0.7 m. The width of the beds should be up to 1.5 m. It is necessary to adhere to the direction – east-west. The length can also reach up to 11 m.
In the first layer, you need to create a pillow of compost, sawdust and other organic fertilizers. On top of the pillow, it is necessary to pour fertile soil. A separate topic for discussion is the creation of gaps between the rows. Properly designed aisles will help make your site more accurate, and will also serve as a certain reinforcement for structures.
At the very beginning, the soil near the rows must be tamped. Row spacing coverage can vary – it can be a lawn, and gravel, and concrete. It is possible to engage in the formation of a lawn if there is an optimal distance between the structures. This will help in the best way to carry out pruning plants.
In slate structures, it is best to grow annual crops. Good for creating spicy beds. Perennial plants are not recommended to be planted in such slate beds. Also, as in ordinary beds, the soil can freeze slightly in winter.
How to make slate beds in a greenhouse
The very technology of assembling the box inside the greenhouse is no different from the structure installed on the street. There are only a few specific rules to follow:
- Equipping the beds in a slate greenhouse with their own hands, they are arranged in the direction from east to west.
- The design with high sides is considered optimal for greenhouses. Part of the slate is buried in the ground to a depth of about half of the above-ground part. That is, if the board protrudes above the ground with a height of 50 cm, there should be about 25-30 cm in the soil.
- In filling the box, in addition to the drainage layer and soil, humus is used.
- The sides of the box inside the soil can be compacted with sawdust, but in small quantities.
- Between the beds, pavement paths are arranged or sown with lawn grass.
- Inside the box is divided by partitions, if it is planned to grow crops of different varieties.
Inside the greenhouse, the beds are arranged in the direction from east to west
. If desired, it is allowed to make beds in the greenhouse from wave or flat slate. The form does not play a special role. Everything depends on the wishes.
Advice! Humidity is high inside the greenhouse. To protect slate fences from rapid destruction, it is optimal to paint them before installation.
Self-creation of beds from flat slate
Before installing the slate for the beds, it is necessary to determine their dimensions and allocate the construction site. The location of the embankment affects the nature of the structure. When creating a stakeout in a vegetable garden, the smooth material acts as a fence. The place is selected taking into account the characteristics of the soil.
If you place the bed in the direction from east to west, the plants will receive maximum light.
Dimensions and installation features
I choose the sizes of beds arbitrarily, depending on the crops planted
. When organizing beds from wave slate, there are no size restrictions. However, it is recommended to adhere to the following proportions:
- width – a maximum of 1.5 meters;
- height up to 75 cm;
- sheets are immersed in depth by 40 cm;
- unlimited length of embankment.
Work begins with the selection of a site for the site and marking on the ground. A platform is being prepared for high beds – garbage is removed, stumps and tree roots are uprooted. If the structure is placed in an old garden, you need to consider what crops will be grown. The height of the embankment, the size and location of the beds depend on this.
When cutting slate sheets, be sure to use a respirator, goggles and gloves. Spill cutting lines with water to minimize the risk of dust entering the respiratory tract and mucous membranes.
It is more convenient to cut slate strips for beds with a grinder, but you can use a jigsaw or a fine-toothed hacksaw. However, the use of such equipment takes a lot of time.
To reduce labor costs, place a rag soaked in water under the sheet, this will increase the elasticity of the material.
The technology for making beds from slate sheets depends on the size of the embankment and can be carried out in different ways.
A simple design option:
- Dig a shallow trench 20 cm wide according to the marking and set the sheets into the ground without driving them in.
- Fill the hole and cover with soil on both sides. To strengthen the structure, drive in metal stakes in the corners.
- A long bed can be reinforced with a frame – fasten the wooden slats to the pegs with slate nails.
- Fasten the strips with metal corners.
- Fasteners must first be primed or painted to prevent corrosion. Make holes for the bolts in advance.
The structure after installation must be opened with polyurethane, acrylic, silicone or automotive paint. The composition depends on the preferences of the owner of the site and the allocated budget.
It is recommended to equip the greenhouse with drip irrigation, as sprinkling or irrigation with a hose washes out the soil.
Warm beds from flat slate
A feature of the technology is the possibility of early planting of crops. The box itself is assembled according to a similar principle, only the height of the sides usually reaches 75 cm. This is due to the fact that other compositions are used to fill the warm beds. Specifically, it’s organic. It is she who, in the process of overheating, releases heat and nutrients.
The height of warm beds reaches 75 cm, and organic matter is used to fill
To build, according to the example presented in the photo, a bed of flat slate with your own hands, do the following steps:
- Assemble and install the box on the prepared site. The bottom is covered with a film or roofing material. The substrate will not allow weeds to germinate from the side of the ground. Many gardeners install a metal mesh to prevent rodents from entering the garden.
- The first layer is laid old waste paper. Useless books, magazines, cardboard boxes will go.
- Grass is poured in the second layer. Straw, other small organics will do.
- The third layer consists of rotten wood.
- Leaves of trees are covered with the fourth layer. Boards, tin or pieces of slate are laid on top. Under the pressure of the load, the debris will shrink.
- After 3-4 days, the cargo is removed, organic matter is added to the desired level. The last layer is laid humus and garden soil.
To speed up the process of overheating, the contents of the “pie” are moistened with water, covered with a film or agrofiber. The beds are usually prepared in the fall, and early planting is done in the spring. To protect against frost, they put arcs, pull a greenhouse.
Harm from flat slate
No one can say with certainty that the cut flat slate on the formation of beds is safe. There are many experienced gardeners who claim that flat, and indeed slate, causes irreparable harm to the earth. Together with the soil, a variety of decorative flower beds and vegetables grown on a ridge framed with slate suffer. The harm comes from the composition of flat slate, namely an element called asbestos cement. There is still no concrete and unambiguous answer about how harmful this material is to the soil upon contact. In the composition of the asbestos-cement material, cement occupies 90%, and asbestos only 10%, for a binder. Scientists concluded that asbestos-cement compounds in a bound state are absolutely safe. New flat slate in the first 10-15 years does not pose any danger to others. But after these years pass, the very structure of the material will collapse. This process is “helped” by the sun’s rays, repeated freezing in winter and thawing in spring, and changes in humidity. As a result, flat slate begins to delaminate.
Asbestos fibers are a great danger to the human body. They can enter the body both through the respiratory tract and through the digestive tract. The fence of beds from flat slate also creates a danger for children. If, having played out, they hit or fall on the edge of a flat slate, then there can be disastrous consequences for both the health of the child and the vegetable row.
Mounting options for flat and wave slate on beds
Installation and fixation of the boards occurs in several ways. The best option is selected depending on the slate used, the dimensions of the structure:
- A prerequisite for strengthening is digging. The minimum trench depth is 20 cm. The parameter varies depending on the height of the side. Minimum trench depth 20 cm
- Boards of small height from wavy slate are simply dug in. You can’t hit the ground. Asbestos-cement material will simply break into pieces. Low fences made of wave sheets are simply dug into the ground
- At a high and long bed, the sides are attached to a wooden or metal frame. Additionally, retaining stakes are driven in around the perimeter, a screed is made of wire. Sheets are nailed to the wooden frame with slate nails.
- Flat slate is bolted using overhead corners or plates. Holes are drilled under the hardware. If the length and height of the beds are large, a frame, retaining stakes, wire ties are used in the same way. Overhead metal corners help to securely connect the fragments of the walls of the box
If metal fasteners were used when arranging the beds, they are painted to protect against corrosion.
Raised slate beds
More convenient is the processing of beds that have high sides. Thus, it becomes more convenient to take care of plantings and harvest. In what cases and for what purposes can such structures be built on the site. There are several reasons for this.
If the territory of your summer cottage has a difficult terrain or there is a need for:
- preparation of a unique soil composition for the cultivation of certain crops.
- good drainage.
- adjustment of the fertile soil layer depending on the type of plant root system.
- early planting seedlings in the spring.
- free growth of plants without the need for tying (cucumbers and tomatoes can grow well, hanging down their shoots).
- giving fences a certain shape that does not look like a rectangle to create a creative design for a summer cottage.
It is also important to keep in mind that if the walls of the finished slate beds have a height of more than 40 cm above the soil level, then they require additional screed with wire. In oppositely installed slate strips, you need to make holes into which you need to stretch the wire, the ends need to be twisted. But be sure to calculate your efforts so as not to overdo it. After all, slate sheets are very fragile and can be easily damaged, even if you press a little more when twisting the wire.
Ideas for decorating beds with slate
Rectangular fences are considered classics, they are easier to make To add decorativeness, they construct structures with beveled corners in the form of triangles and polygons Multi-tiered pyramids are convenient for strawberries for a small area Flexible ondulin is convenient for giving curved lines to the fence
How can you paint slate for beds
Staining gives not only beauty, but also protects the slate fence from destruction. In addition, asbestos pollutes the soil less, since there is no direct contact with it. The color is chosen individually at your discretion, but it is better to give preference to light colors. They reflect the sun’s rays, which reduces the likelihood of overheating of the soil from hot sides in the heat.
Polyurethane, acrylic and silicone paints are equally well suited for coloring. You can use car enamel, but apply it in two layers.
How to make beds from slate with your own hands?
With the onset of the next spring-summer season, the priority task of gardeners is the arrangement of beds. Not only the convenience of growing crops, but also the overall harvest of a particular year will largely depend on the correct organization of the available land resource. Now slate beds are gaining more and more popularity. This design of the garden landscape looks neat and gives some order to the plantings. Many are interested in how to make slate beds with their own hands in their country house. To do this, you need to study the recommendations, stock up on desire and the necessary amount of time. And also prepare the necessary material in advance – wavy or sheet flat slate for beds in the country.
By choosing this option for organizing the soil, there is a great chance to reduce your efforts and significantly bring the ripening time of the crop closer. It is known that the fence for beds made of flat slate allows the soil to warm up faster, which in turn accelerates the growth and development of plants. More information on how to make slate beds is described below.
A few useful tips from professional gardeners will help a novice gardener avoid common mistakes:
- Crops growing in the garden will receive maximum light if it is placed in an east-west direction.
- If the side height reaches 50 cm, a minimum of 25 cm should be buried in the ground.
- To increase productivity during the laying of a regular bed, compost is loaded after the drainage layer, and the ground is on top.
- On the beds, especially those located in the greenhouse, it is optimal to equip drip irrigation. Sprinkling can wash out the soil with strong pressure.
- If there are many ridges, the passage to them is equipped with paved paths or lawn grass.
The passage between the ridges can be covered with agrofiber or film, and covered with mulch from above
. The ridges do not require special care. However, when the slate is destroyed, the damaged piece is urgently changed.
The specifics of slate beds in a greenhouse
It is required to build beds in the greenhouse even before its construction. At the same time, root crops and low plants are recommended to be placed from north to south. For tall and trellis crops, the greenhouse is installed from east to west. Thanks to this, they will be evenly illuminated. This is especially important in the first half of the day – it is at this time that the most active biological processes are observed.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best gardening expert.
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Beds for greenhouses can be ground and shelving. Slate products belong to the first type. They are recommended to be built before the installation of the frame. Marking is worth after pouring the foundation. In small greenhouses, it is recommended to build 2 beds with 1 pass.
3-bed designs are also popular, as narrow rows are easier to handle. In addition, plants have enough space for normal development. The disadvantage of this option is the small size of the passage, which complicates the use of tools. It is usually recommended to make one track wide and the other narrow. The choice of crops is important. They shouldn’t grow too big.
How to make slate beds – step by step instructions
After the materials and tools are purchased, you can proceed to the preparatory activities. The first step is to select a convenient site for the location of the structure. It is better if it is somewhat removed from large trees and outbuildings (to avoid shading). Rectangular beds are recommended to be oriented from west to east , which will enable the sun to evenly illuminate the interior throughout the day. Having chosen a place, it is watered, rammed and proceed to marking measures.
Preparation for laying slate
An example of the “classic” size of a slate bed:
- length – 8-10 m;
- width – 1.3-1.5 m;
- height – 0.6-0.8 m;
- degree of deepening – 0.35-0.5 m.
Usually, plots for a greenhouse have similar parameters. In other cases, specific sizes are chosen taking into account the specifics of the backyard territory. Wave sheets are more convenient to mark in the transverse direction relative to the waves. The longitudinal directions of the material of this type demonstrate a rather high brittleness. The layout of flat sheets has no restrictions in direction. But it is better to plan everything so that uncut plates without waves are used to the maximum.
The length of slate sheets can reach three meters, therefore, for the convenience of work, it is better to cut them into separate fragments. For this, a circular saw with diamond nozzles will work well. A good option would be budget stone discs.
In cases where there is no electricity in the summer cottage, cutting the material can be done with a hacksaw or a two-handed saw. If possible, it is better to purchase a special foam concrete saw.
When using a hand tool, you have to constantly hold the material with one hand. Therefore, it is more convenient to work together: one saws, the other holds the sheet. During the procedure, dangerous asbestos dust appears in the air. To avoid its entry into the lungs, it is necessary to use protection for the eyes and respiratory organs. In addition, when choosing a place of work, it is desirable to give preference to areas blown by the wind.
In order to avoid the spread of harmful dust throughout the territory, experienced craftsmen moisten the place of sawing with water. A plastic bottle with small holes in the lid is well suited for this. When working alone, it is better to moisten the cut line in advance by covering it with a wet cloth.
Before cutting, it is recommended to moisten the material with water.
It is more convenient to start cutting the wave sheet by cutting the tops, and then connecting the hollows. It is better to paint the finished cut gray fragments, creating protection on the surface of the material from rain and snow.
How to make beds from wavy slate with your own hands
The organization of high beds and flower beds is usually implemented using corrugated asbestos-cement sheets. Corrugations are allowed to be placed in any direction with respect to the soil – both across and along it.
The order of work in stages:
- Cut the slate sheets into separate fragments, according to the markings on the ground. For ease of calculation, it is recommended to draw up a drawing on paper. Marking on sheets is more convenient to carry out with chalk.
- Digging trenches around the perimeter of the future beds. The width of the hole usually corresponds to the size of a bayonet shovel (20-25 cm). The depth is determined depending on the height of the walls (at least half).
- Tampering the bottom of the trench and backfilling a layer of fine gravel. This will protect the sheets from excessive subsidence. The height of the crushed stone backfill is approximately 5 cm.
- Installation of blanks in a trench (you will have to dig out the perimeter a little), backfilling and tamping the soil. The verticality of the walls is checked by level or plumb.
- Fixing the structure with metal tubes. As a rule, they are cut to size with a grinder and hammered into the ground with a hammer.
It is important to keep in mind that if you place sheets with waves in the longitudinal direction, then some shoots will begin to trail along the depressions. In addition, the processing of such a site will be somewhat more difficult, due to bulging waves.
Useful videos on how to make a bed of wave slate:
How to make beds from flat slate with your own hands
Given the most common sizes of slate sheets without waves (100×150 cm), when arranging beds from them, a lot of waste is obtained. Therefore, for this purpose, it is desirable to find materials 175×300 cm – products with such parameters are more practical.
The order of work in general resembles the process of building a bed of wave slate:
- Cut out the material. From a sheet of 175 × 300 cm, two fragments are obtained with a width of 1 and 0.75 m.
- Digging a trench around the perimeter of the garden. Ready pits are rammed and covered with a layer of rubble.
- Installation of sheets by level, backfilling and compaction of the soil.
- Making metal racks (corners can be used). Holes are drilled in the supports and walls with a drill.
- Fastening racks and asbestos-cement sheets with bolts. Metal elements must be painted to protect against rust.
- Filling the internal space with compost, fertile soil and humus.
Given the fragility of flat slate, it is not recommended to drive it directly into the ground. As a rule, this leads to crumbling of the material. When drilling sheets, great care must be taken to avoid excessive pressure on the drill.
Video about the assembly and installation of flat slate beds:
Advantages of slate beds
The popularity of slate structures for growing crops is due to the presence of the following advantages:
- Rot resistance. Unlike wood and chipboard, asbestos-cement sheets are not biodegradable. As a result, once built structure will serve for many years, without the need to replace its walls.
- Good concentration of thermal energy. As you know, vegetable crops develop faster in warm soil. By constructing the side walls of a slate bed-box, you can get a kind of solar energy accumulator that gives off the accumulated heat inside the structure. This is especially valuable in early spring and late autumn. The same principle is used in the construction of slate sheathing for the shower and other summer cottages.
- High strength characteristics. Thanks to this, the box for growing vegetables receives the proper rigidity and reliability.
- Pest protection. By enclosing a piece of land on all sides with slate sheets, you can create reliable protection against small rodents, insects and weeds.
- Light weight. Due to the lightness of slate sheets, the protective structure, if necessary, can be quickly moved to a new site or a damaged fragment can be replaced.
- Cheapness and availability. Slate is an inexpensive material that is sold in almost any hardware store. To organize a garden bed, it is not at all necessary to purchase new products: you can safely use sheets taken from the old roof.
- Aesthetic characteristics. Slate products are easy to paint. In addition, there are colored varieties of this material on sale. Some owners of country houses paint such structures with interesting drawings, turning them into important elements of landscape design.
- Ease of processing. The material is fairly easy to cut to size. Finished fragments have regular geometric shapes and easy-to-use stability.
- Universalism. In addition to vegetables, structures of this type are suitable for growing healthy herbs, flowers, berries, etc.
Slate beds are much more convenient to prepare for planting crops than regular plots. The soil inside the fence does not need constant digging, because. has protection against climatic influences and erosion. Weeding is facilitated by the fact that there is no need to bend low.
How to make beds from slate – flat and wavy
Neat beds in the garden are the key to a good harvest. They additionally decorate the yard and facilitate land work. Stationary slate plantations can be used every season, but how long they last depends on the strength of the material, its resistance to conditions of constant moisture and the strength of the roots of the plants. Slate for ennobling a summer cottage can be used new or left after construction work.
Its advantages in the arrangement of beds and flower beds are:
- Affordable price;
- Long-term operation;
- Geometric stability;
- Ease of use;
- Protection against pests that spoil the roots.
The disadvantage of slate sheets is the content of asbestos cement, a substance harmful to the soil. Nevertheless, it is precisely such a fence that reliably protects the crop from bears and weed invasion. Also, the owner must take into account that the slate overheats in hot weather and takes away moisture from the fertile soil layer. To eliminate this negative point, you will have to regularly water the earth.
In general, slate beds have few negative sides, so they can be considered the best option for decorating a backyard area. It is recommended to grow annual plants in them since in the cold season the soils in the created flower beds freeze through.
Cons of slate beds
The slate garden also has some disadvantages:
- Risk of overheating. Given the high thermal conductivity of asbestos-cement sheets, they are not recommended to be placed in too hot areas. Excessive concentration of heat inside will provoke rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil. As a result, there will be a need for more frequent watering.
- Due to heavy rainfall, slate walls sometimes warp , after which they have to be corrected.
- The presence of harmful components in the composition of asbestos cement. To avoid them falling into the ground, it is recommended to paint the sheets with acrylic or liquid plastic before installation.
You should always remember about some fragility of slate walls. Therefore, it is desirable to avoid strong impacts and bending forces.